MUSIC HISTORY 1
CAPA H.S.
Welcome to CAPA High School MUSIC HISTORY 1!  This can be an incredibly engaging and interesting course if you decide to participate, come to class prepared, and LISTEN.  History is waiting for us to study and understand it, as well as how music has evolved into what we know today.

When you have to miss a class (or have to miss school), you can come to this page to find out what you might have missed during class, as well as homework assignments, quizzes, and tests that are upcoming.  Please don't hesitate to email me with any concerns or questions.  Let's have a great year.

Mr. Thompson
pthompson1@pghboe.net
UPDATED 5.17.08
CLASS NOTES


for Wednesday, May 14, 2008

Romantic Opera and WAGNER ("Vogg-ner")

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ROMANTIC OPERA

-The 19th Century was the GOLDEN AGE of OPERA
-2/3 of opera produced today comes from 1820-1900
-Traditionally, ITALY is the home of opera, but by the Romantic period, different countries began to emerge with operas in their OWN language
-Before 1820, the ONLY German-language opera heard outside of Germany was Mozart's MAGIC FLUTE
-The SINGSPIEL (remember?) was Germany's version of opera: light-hearted, funny, with spoken dialogue (a la OPERA BUFFA)
-Both Mozart (THE MAGIC FLUTE) and Beethoven (FIDELIO) tried to make this genre more serious, but it wasn't until the Romantic Period, when subjects like HORROR and the SUPERNATURAL entered these operas that the German style truly emerged

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RICHARD WAGNER

-1813-1883

-Realized GERMAN opera
-Important and controversial figure
-Was a composer, politician, philosopher, propagandist, and artist
-His works are ADORED and HATED

-Born in Leipzig, Germany
-His first passion was poetry, followed by the theater
-As a teen, he immersed himself in Beethoven's music, making piano transcriptions of Beethoven's orchestral works
-In 1842, his opera RIENZI was successful in Dresden, Germany
-Soon after moving to Switzerland (to avoid debts) he began to imagine something new:

MUSIC DRAMAS

-A MUSIC DRAMAS is a musical work for the stage where ALL of the arts function together
-The most popular of all of Wagner's pieces is a Music Drama called:

Der Ring des Nibelungen or
"THE RING"  or "THE RING CYCLE"

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"THE RING"

-is a set of FOUR operas intended to be performed on consecutive nights
-Wagner tooke the plot from German mythology: a land of gods, nymphs, giants, dragons, etc.
-The themes in THE RING would influence philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche and be used by Adolf Hitler

-One of the most popular themes comes from the second opera, DIE WALKURE
-"Ride Of The Valkyries" is a theme you might know as "Kill Da Wabbit"!
-It uses a technique Wagner created called LEITMOTIF

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LEITMOTIF

-is a brief, distinctive unit of music designed to represent a character, object, or idea
-Similar to Berlioz's IDEE FIXEE, but much shorter
-Using LEITMOTIF, the audience can learn what a character might be thinking about without hearing a word

-Some examples of LEITMOTIF (which you CANNOT use in your homework assignment) are:
-Superman's Theme
-The Imperial March (from Star Wars - Darth Vader's theme)
-Harry Potter's theme
-James Bond (007)'s theme
-Music from HALLOWEEN (Michael Meyers' theme)
HOMEWORK


-
WANDERLUST assignment due Monday, April 21st

-PROGRAM MUSIC assignment due Monday, May 5th*

-"Leitmotif"
assignment due Monday, May 19th
EXAMS


-There will be a QUIZ on
ROMANTIC GENRES on Monday, May 5th*

-The comprehensive exam on the ROMANTIC Period will be on Wednsday, May 21st

NO NOTES!


-The FINAL EXAM for the course will be on
Monday, JUNE 2nd, and will contain material from all eras of study this semester: CLASSICAL and ROMANTIC periods

NOTES
are allowed for the FINAL EXAM